Effect of Chalcogenide Perovskite materials and their effect on Sustainability.

Objective: This project dives into the potential of chalcogenide perovskites, particularly BaZrS3 as a more stable, less toxic, and equally efficient alternative to current perovskite technologies used in solar cells. By focusing on the synthesis, structural properties, and sustainability of chalcogenide perovskites, this project allowed me to contribute to the development of environmentally friendly and cost-effective solar energy solutions.


Collaborators: Mufaddal Gheewala under the guidance of Dr. Nelson Dzade.


In my recent project collaboration at Penn State, I delved into the fascinating world of chalcogenide perovskites, a promising material for the future of solar energy. Unlike traditional solar materials that can be costly and environmentally harmful due to their lead content, chalcogenide perovskites offer a greener and more stable alternative for capturing solar power. Among these chalcogenide perovskites, particularly BaZrS3, such as the one shown in Figure 2, have emerged as a beacon of hope. These innovative materials offer a greener alternative to traditional photovoltaic technologies, promising not only environmental benefits but also enhanced stability and efficiency. My journey into this fascinating field has been focused on unveiling the potential of BaZrS3. With its unique structure and promising properties, BaZrS3 stands as a testament to the potential of chalcogenide perovskites in revolutionizing solar energy conversion. This exploration is not just a scientific endeavor; it’s a step toward a sustainable future, leveraging the power of the sun in more eco-friendly and efficient ways.


Figure 1. shows the schematic of the crystal structure (a), optical picture (b), and the Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) (c) for                                                                                                                                                                               BaZrS3.

Key Focus:

  • Investigated the properties and potential of chalcogenide perovskites, such as BaZrS3 as eco-friendly materials for solar energy conversion.
  • Assessed the sustainability and reduced environmental hazards of using lead-free chalcogenide perovskites, BaZrS3 , compared to traditional solar materials.
  • Examined the stability and efficiency of BaZrS3, highlighting their advantages for long-term solar energy applications.
  • Researched methods for synthesizing BaZrS3 and its feasibility for large-scale production in the solar industry.

In conclusion, this project represents a pivotal shift towards harnessing solar energy in a more sustainable and environmentally friendly manner. By focusing on these innovative materials (BaZrS3), we’ve uncovered their significant potential to overcome the limitations of traditional solar cells, offering a pathway to more stable, efficient, and lead-free alternatives. This exploration not only broadens our understanding of renewable energy materials but also underscores the importance of sustainability in the evolution of solar technology, promising a brighter, greener future for solar energy applications.

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